From the phones in our pockets to the reality of self-driving cars, the consumer economy has started to tap into the power of artificial intelligence (AI). This technology is now migrating into advanced manufacturing practices for quality inspection and other judgement-based uses. AI-based image analysis combines the specificity and flexibility of human visual inspection with the reliability, consistency, and speed of a computerized system. AI software can now perform judgement-based part location, inspection, classification, and character recognition challenges more effectively than humans or traditional machine vision automation. Increasingly, leading manufacturers are turning to artificial intelligence to solve their most sophisticated automation challenges.